The pipe and tabor

The combination of a three-hole flute (pipe) and drum (tabor) dates back to the European Medieval times. With its three holes, the flute can be operated with one hand, while the other beats the rhythm on a drum.
The combination has been used in both folk music and artistic music. Michael Praetorius, the German musician and theorist, describes three different types of three-hole flutes for the artistic music, the bass, tenor, and discanto flute. In the 15th Century Spain the flute and drum players were in charge of instructing the court dancers.
From the 17th Century the importance of the instrument combination is reduced among the instruments employed by the art music, but three-hole flute and drum is continuously used in folk music, particularly in Spain and France. In England, the use of this instrument combination is known from the so-called Morris Dances; the name possible derives from ‘moorish’, ‘moresco’, that is dance of the Moors.