The percussion

The use of percussion in the European Middle Ages and Renaissance music is a perpetual source of discussion. With few exceptions, say the use of drums in dances and processions, no documentation exists for the employment of percussion in the north European music from that period.
On the contrary, this is not true for Arabian music and hence the music from Al-Andalus. The Arabian music is based strongly on rhythm, and percussion instruments like the tar – the tambourine, the darabukka – a drum shaped like a hour glass, the hella – a clay pot, the jalalil – an ankle belt with bells, and the sinj – finger cymbals play an important part in the musical expression.
The degree to which the Arabian musical tradition has influenced the European – and vice versa – is just as controversial as the use of percussion. However, a substantial part of the music from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, including the Christian part of Spain, has strong rhythmic elements, advocating for a natural use of percussion.